Magnesium For Brain Health
Magnesium is an essential mineral that is important to the proper functioning of the body. Although it is found in the body and a variety of foods, too many Americans do not have a sufficient amount of Magnesium. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 50% of people in the United States are consuming a magnesium-deficient diet.
This mineral provides a variety of health benefits. From cardiovascular well-being to improving bone health, migraines, sleep disturbances, brain health, and more, magnesium is a super nutrient that should be ingested daily.
What Is Magnesium?
Magnesium is not just an element found on the periodic table. It is also considered a major mineral, meaning that the body requires large amounts of it, as opposed to trace minerals like zinc or iron. Foods rich in magnesium include whole grains and green leafy vegetables. Populations, particularly in western culture, do not consume enough of these types of foods in their diet to provide an adequate amount of magnesium.
The amount of magnesium required to perform necessary bodily functions varies depending on age and gender. Female adults should ingest a total daily amount between 310 and 320mg, and the amount for adult males ranges between 400 and 420mg. It is important to understand that these amounts are for Magnesium alone. Supplements may show the amount of magnesium as a salt form, which is a greater amount; however, most supplements will show both.
Does Magnesium Support A Healthy Brain?
Every cell in your body, including your brain cells, requires magnesium to function properly. It is involved with hundreds of chemical reactions in the body, such as transforming food into energy, generating protein, repairing DNA, and regulating neurotransmitters that send messages in the brain. Magnesium enhances nerve signaling at the spaces where nerve endings meet. These nerve endings are called synapses. The brain’s ability to form new synapses and discard old ones improves our ability to learn and helps to prevent memory loss.
Magnesium also protects certain receptors, called NMDA receptors, in the brain that are associated with brain development, memory and learning. It blocks these receptors, preventing them from being overstimulated, thereby preventing brain cell death.
What Does The Data Show?
Studies that examine Alzheimer’s disease are good indicators of brain health because it is a disorder in which cognitive impairments that include deterioration of learning and memory occur. A review of 13 studies that included Alzheimer’s patients and healthy patients concluded that those with Alzheimer’s disease had significantly lower concentrations of magnesium in cerebrospinal fluid. 
Other Health Benefits Of Magnesium
Magnesium is associated with a slew of other health benefits. Studies have found that magnesium levels are linked to cardiovascular disease. A person who has sufficient magnesium levels may have a lower risk of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. It has also been heavily studied with regard to migraines. Research indicates that people with migraines are more likely than others to have a magnesium deficiency. Magnesium has been shown to help prevent migraines and may treat an acute migraine attack.
There is strong evidence that magnesium also promotes bone health and supports better sleep. In addition, it may help alleviate anxiety symptoms and help lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Side Effects And Warnings
There are side effects associated with magnesium. These effects include diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps.
It is important to note that too much magnesium is not good either. Ingesting amounts greater than 5,000 mg per day can lead to toxicity and symptoms that include:
- Low blood pressure
- Difficulty urinating
- Lack of energy
- Difficulty breathing
- Abnormal heart rhythm
Supplementing With Magnesium
There are many different formulations of magnesium supplements available on the market. Certain formulations are better for different uses. For example, magnesium glycinate is a dietary supplement that is used to help improve sleep and heart health, while magnesium citrate is more often used for constipation.
Magnesium threonate, or magnesium L-threonate is generally considered the best formulation for brain health. The reason is that this form of magnesium is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier, making it readily available in the brain.
Our Top 3 Supplement Choices
- Life Extension Neuro-Mag – This product uses the formulation of magnesium that is readily absorbed into the brain. It is vegetarian-friendly and uses a third-party lab to test for safety.
- Pure Encapsulations CogniMag – This supplement also uses the L-threonate formulation, which is suitable to support brain health. In addition, it contains a blend of fruit extracts, rich in antioxidants that protect brain cells and promote healthy neurotransmitter activity in the brain.
- Swanson Magnesium L-threonate – A trusted brand for decades, Swanson offers this supplement that is vegetarian-friendly at a reasonable price.
Magnesium is an excellent mineral to support brain health. Because most Americans are not achieving optimal amounts in their diet, supplementation is a great alternative. Along with its many other health benefits, magnesium has been shown to improve overall cognition, learning and memory.
We highly recommend supplementing with magnesium, but because of the many other advantages magnesium provides, it may not be suitable for everyone. For instance, magnesium lowers blood pressure, which is a wonderful benefit to anyone with hypertension, but if an individual already has very low blood pressure, taking a magnesium supplement can be an issue. It is critical, therefore, that you speak with your physician before initiating any magnesium supplements.
- Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, studies show that magnesium improves cognition, including learning and memory.
Magnesium prevents brain cell death and enhances communitcation between nerve cells, which prevents memory loss.
Magnesium may help prevent and treat migraines, supports bone health, and aids with anxiety and insomnia.
Potential side effects include diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal cramps.
- American Osteopathic Association. Low Magnesium Levels Make Vitamin D Ineffective: Up to 50 percent of US Population is Magnesium Deficient." ScienceDaily, February 26, 2018. Accessed July 11, 2022.
- Kirkland, A E, et al. "The Role Of Magnesium in Neurological Disorders." Nutrients, 2018. Accessed July 11, 2022.